4.1.3 Human responsibility (A2) Core Knowledge
This section is about acquiring the knowledge and understanding needed to support design activities through an increased awareness of the designer’s social, moral, ethical and legal responsibilities. It also allows candidates to explore the environmental and consumer factors which impact on designers and which might affect the final nature of a product.
Service to the customer including legal requirements availability of resources.
Appreciate the need to offer product support and customer services; take account of consumer group opinions in a competitive market; understand the effect of legislation/regulations related to product design; consumer protection.
How to find information on the regulatory and legislative frameworks related to product design.
You should know how to find relevant information related to a product’s design and use, from documents such as Health and Safety legislation, BS and COSHH. Standard risk assessment procedures in product design.
The identification of risks to the consumer in using a product, making risk assessments, reduction of risks.
The values (technical, economic, aesthetic, social, environmental and moral) implicit in product design solutions.
Needs, wants and acceptability to consumers; Maslow’s hierarchy of needs concept of quality by designers and to consumers; client profiles; identifying target markets; the effect of product life cycles; sustainable design issues when making design choices; manufacturing and the environment; conservation of raw materials; intermediate technology.
The forms of energy used by industry, its impact on design, manufacturing and the environment.
The benefits and limitations of various sources of energy, to include, fossil fuels, nuclear fuels, solar, hydro and wind generation the efficient use of energy in manufacturing green/environmental issues (implications of the industrial/technological age)sustainability issues- influencing the future, resource management.energy conservation, including recycling / green issues;the effect of energy costs on the final product;appropriate technology.
4.1.4 Public interaction – marketing and research (A2)
This section is about product design and its place in the market, for example how a design idea may be transformed into a marketable product. It is concerned with producing reliable and quantifiable performance specification following a detailed consideration of the users of the product (the target audience). It seeks to examine the many factors influencing product design, such as market-pull versus technology-push models of innovation and the four Ps market-pull versus technology-push models of innovation and the four Ps (Product life cycle, Price, Place and Promotion). Market research techniques and their influence on producing innovative products will also be considered as part of human responsibility within the process of designing. Candidates should develop an appreciation of the effects of social, economic, cultural and ethical issues in addition to material and manufacturing technologies. Market research techniques and their influence on producing innovative products will also be considered as part of human responsibility within the process of designing. Candidates should develop an appreciation of the effects of social, economic, cultural and ethical issues in addition to material and manufacturing technologies.
Innovation in the market.
Needs and demands of consumers, technology-push and market-pull;the totally new (radical) product and the product which has been subjected to improvements over time (incremental);marketing strategies and how market research is conducted.
Researching the market,
The process of market research and its place in the process of innovationthe market environment, who buys, lifestyle changes,market segmentationtechnological trends and how market research is conducted;the importance of the target audience and market trends.
Selling the product.
The four Ps:
Product life cycle; Price and how it is determined; Place and how products are distributed; Promotion, which considers different ways in which products are presented to their market.
Diffusion of products.
Factors influencing the success of products such as criteria which are important in purchasing decisions made by consumers (target audience; market penetration, who buys products).
Trends, styles, new technical capabilities, and social, political and ethical influences on design, production and sale of products.
History and impact of Twentieth Century design movements and designers to include developments in design from the 70′s onward;cultural trends and differences and their effect on new product development including retailing strategies; product life cycle; fashion cycles;ethical, moral and social considerations;development of a design consciousness in society;consumer society – an awareness of over use of natural resources, the consequences of pollution, over production;global manufacturing.
4.2.3 Processes (A2)
This section is about developing a detailed knowledge and understanding of a broad range of processes leading to the acquisition of associated skills through practical activity .
Hand methods of preparing, processing and manipulating materials.
Methods of testing, conditioning, cutting/wasting, forming and finishing a variety of materials;the use of templates, patterns and guides.
Machine methods of preparing, processing and manipulating materials.
Methods of cutting/wasting, industrial forming. (a range of materials) joining and finishing a variety of materials such as casting, laminating, injection moulding, bonding
the use of jigs and fixtures to increase speed of production and help ensure consistency.
Combining/forming materials to enhance their properties.
Joining and forming of a wide range of materials within modern industry for different levels of productionlaminating, combining, jointing, folding and other methods of reinforcing.
Computer aided manufacture.
Knowledge of software applications and the transfer of information to CAM machines, e.g. laser cutters, microrouters, CNC Lathes and milling machines;the benefits and limitations of computer controlled machines, to include CADD,CAM, CIM, digital media.
4.2.4 Production systems and control (A2)
This section is about applying knowledge of production systems and control techniques to provide valid, reliable data and information in order to manufacture quality products.
The use and detailed design of systems and sub-systems for manufacturing and
The fundamental characteristics of a system in terms of Input, Process and Outputthe applications of systems for manufacture andmanagementdesigning and making of systems
Detailed design of control systems: loops, feedback, control functions to achieve
The extension of simple systems, using feedback and loops, to enhance the system’s performance;the importance of reliable data in feedback.
The use of ICT by industry in the design and manufacture of products.
Examining the current use of ICT by industry in designing and manufacturing including:-
CADD – Computer Aided Drawing and Design;CAM – Computer Aided Manufacture;CIM – Computer Integrated Manufacture;PPC – Production Planning and Control – production plans, quantity planning, quality assurance, ordering;CAA – Computer Aided Administration – personnel,marketing, sales, order processing, procurement, stock control, costing, accounting;retail stock control, distribution scheduling, customer / supplier relationships – JIT – ‘Just in Time’.
Below are some usefull links:
An Ordinary day
Five Steps to risk assessment
Legislative Issues in Design and Technology
Life Cycle – ecodesign
The Six R’s
The Design process – functionality and innovation
DT1 Summer 2012 !!!!!THIS SUMMER!!!!!
An Interview with James Dyson
Sir James Dyson explains his bladeless fan
Ross Lovegrove on his approach to design
How Nanotechnology Works
Reebok ZigTech – How Does It Work
Shape Memory Textiles
The Next Generation- Smart and Technical Textiles
High Tech for your feet.
Cannondale E-series Concept Bike